On March 29, QLogic announced a collaboration with Dell resulting in the introduction of the industry’s first servers with 25GbE server connectivity. According to Ravi Pendekanti, vice president of server solutions marketing for Dell, the company is rolling out 25GbE server adapter options and IT pros can order the products starting April 19.
He also pointed out the product launch starts an exciting journey towards a new generation of 25, 50 and 100Gb Ethernet technology which was driven by the needs of hyperscale cloud service providers, but will equally benefit the rest of the non-hyperscale IT world.
For IT organizations, the new generation of networks deliver more cost-effective performance, as well as new features unrelated to performance which are key to unlocking the potential of software defined data centers.
I believe the announcement establishes early incumbency for QLogic and Dell at a major technology inflection point which promises to reward first movers with incremental revenue and market share.
Unlike 10GbE Adoption, This Race is a Sprint
10GbE products hit the market in 2003, but the huge disparity in cost versus 1GbE slowed adoption of 10GbE for the better part of a decade. Adoption of the new generation of 25, 50 and 100GbE products is expected to occur much faster, led by 25GbE which can plug-and-play using the same cabling technology as 10GbE.
As soon as 25G server connectivity is available, Mr. Pendekanti and Dell expect tier-1 hyperscale cloud service providers, tier-2/3 cloud service providers, carriers, high-performance computing centers, and large enterprises all to simultaneously begin deployment in I/O-intensive computing environments.
Because of the expected broad demand for this new Ethernet technology, Crehan Research predicts shipments of 25GbE server ports (adapter and LOM shipments) will reach 2 million ports in just 3 years.
Why IT Needs 25, 50 and 100GbE
Ethernet: Predictable Since 1973
Since 1973 when Ethernet was first invented, the speed of the network increased by a factor of ten. When adoption of 10Gb and 40Gb Ethernet technology stalled, the industry stubbornly clung to this road map for over a decade—until hyperscale cloud service providers broke the log jam.
The Top 5 Reasons the Road Map Changed
- Powerful new 2-socket and 4-socket servers with dozens of cores, can drive more than 10Gb of traffic per link.
- Hundreds of business, SDN/NFV, storage, and HPC apps use newly available processing power to drive network I/O beyond 10Gb.
- Cloud service providers use the power of the new servers to increase VM density, which is critical to their profitability, and is driving network I/O beyond 10Gb.
- Upgrading from 10GbE to 40GbE is prohibitively expensive because of the cost of optics, and because of the costs related to deploying bulkier cabling.
- Hyperscale cloud service providers in the million server club have the purchasing power to motivate vendors like Dell and QLogic to deliver the technology NOW.
From Concept to GA in Less Than 2 Years
The 25G Ethernet Consortium was formed in July, 2014 to create specifications for 25 and 50Gb Ethernet. A draft of the 25G specification was completed in September, 2015, and Dell is shipping servers with 25GbE ports in April, 2016. In a rapid development cycle never seen, the Ethernet industry moved from concept to general availability in less than two years. Looking forward, the Ethernet Road Map features speeds based on multiples of 25 and 50Gb lanes.
Dell Bringing More Than Speed
Because Server Connectivity is More Important Than Ever
The data center world is undergoing a transformation to a software defined data center architecture where business and infrastructure applications all run on industry standard servers. Therefore a software defined data center is a “server defined data center,” making server connectivity to networks hugely important, and the requirements have changed dramatically.
When Google was mostly a search company, the requirement for server connectivity to Ethernet networks was “dumb and cheap”. But today cloud Infrastructure–as-a-Service providers like Google, AWS and Microsoft have joined enterprises in hosting hundreds of different workloads, and are asking Dell for server connectivity that is:
- Incredibly fast with up to 100G of high bandwidth, and with RDMA for ultra-low latency.
- Intelligent with support for a wide variety of protocols.
- Efficient with hardware offload of the protocol processing which preserves server CPU for virtual machines and their workloads.
Anatomy of Intelligent Server Connectivity
The new generation of 25, 50 and 100G Ethernet technology brings with it a high level of intelligence in the form of the ability to support many protocols needed for LANs, SANs, inter-processor communications (IPC) used in clusters, integration with cloud platforms, packet processing, and network virtualization. In addition, the new generation of Ethernet chips increase data center efficiency by offloading server Ethernet driver and protocol processing to preserve server CPU resources for workloads.
Servers, Server Adapters and Switches
Dell server solutions marketing vice president Ravi Pendekanti says Dell will be marketing their PowerEdge servers with QLogic 25GbE adapters and Dell Z9100-ON top-of-rack switches. The combination of products form a powerful and incredibly flexible platform for computing and I/O in software defined data centers.
Mr. Pendakanti expects early adopters to include cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service providers, telecoms deploying NFV server appliances, enterprise customers driving dense virtualization and supporting high transaction based workloads, and customers interested on standardizing on 25GE as a path to 100GE in the future.
Cloud Service Provider Solution
Server Farms with Super High VM-Density
While enterprise IT organizations are measured by their ability to support continuity for the core business, for Cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service providers, their data centers are their core business, and the difference between profit and loss is how efficiently they operate their infrastructure.
That’s why cloud service providers operate server farms with a super high number of virtual machines per server. According to a CSP survey by Infonetics, the average number of VMs per server was 42 in 2015, growing to 98 in 2017. That’s a lot. Along the way they discovered high VM-density leads to an aggregation of I/O, I/O bottlenecks, and that when you have so many VMs, vSwitches start to consume a large percentage of server CPU.
CSP Virtual Machines per Virtualized Server
Best Practice for Networking VMs with 25, 50 and 100GbE Server Ports
Dell servers with QLogic 25GbE adapters offer 2.5x more bandwidth than 10GbE adapters, the previous network adapter of choice for CSPs. With all that bandwidth, and more coming with 50GbE and 100GbE, it will be essential to create virtual networks in order to provide quality-of-service (QoS) to dozens of VMs and workloads on a per-VM basis.
Software Defined Infrastructure
Around the world, carriers like China Mobile, Telefonica and Verizon, deliver telephone, mobile phone, movie videos, video surveillance, email, and many more services to you and your home.
In the past carriers used an array of purpose-built content delivery, storage and networking systems in their data centers. Today, carriers are aggressively transforming their data centers into “software defined” data centers by replacing purpose-built systems with server-based appliances.
Where SDN/NFV Helps Carriers Automate & Lower Costs
Dell servers with QLogic QL45212 Ethernet adapters, support DPDK (data plane development kit) which allows industry standard servers to do packet processing at line speed. Dell servers can then be used by carriers as hosts for a variety of different NFV/SDN software appliances.
Scale-Out File Storage
The growth of data storage capacity is not driven by high-performance databases, it’s driven by unstructured file data such as your photographs, videos, songs and text messages. Scale-out file storage allows multiple domains within a data center, or geographically dispersed data centers, to share a single namespace for more efficient file storage management. But maintaining crisp user response times across domains is not possible without multiple network connections and the use of RDMA.
Dell Servers with QLE45212 Adapters are an Excellent Platform for SMB 3.0
A killer app for RDMA over Converged Ethernet (RoCE) is SMB 3.0 file servers where users accessing shared storage can experience the response time of local storage. File servers turbo-charged with RoCE are commercially available via two Windows Server 2012 features called SMB Multi-Channel and SMB Direct. With SMB Multichannel, SMB 3.0 automatically detects the RDMA capability and creates multiple RDMA connections for a single session. This allows SMB to use the high throughput, low latency and low CPU utilization offered by SMB Direct.
High Performance SMB 3.0 Storage Environment
The 2550100 Zone
For IT professionals looking for some rough guidelines about when and where to use 25, 50 or 100GbE, here’s our top 6 reasons to enter the 2550100 Zone:
- Your server has 2 sockets or more
A single socket server with one Xeon E7 8890 v3 processor has 18 cores. If your server has 2 sockets or more, it’s easy to configure 50 cores. We think so much processing power makes 25GbE server adapters an “must-have” in this case.
- Your server is hosting more than 20 virtual machines
We think a simple guideline is to configure 1Gb of server adapter bandwidth for every virtual machine. So our rule-of-thumb is if a server is hosting more than 20 VMs, it’s in the 2550100 Zone.
- Primary storage for your server is Ethernet-connected all flash storage
All-flash iSCSI and NAS arrays are not yet available with 25, 50 and 100GbE interfaces, but they’re coming. If primary storage for your server is going to be an Ethernet-connected all flash array, you might want to consider future-proofing your server with a 25GbE server adapter.
- Your application supports low-latency networking via RDMA
The Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) protocol has been used almost exclusively in the HPC arena for ultra low-latency cluster interconnects. The technology is going mainstream in the form of RDMA over Ethernet (RoCE) support in 25, 50 and 100GbE server adapters. Because now it’s “just there,” a variety of applications are making use of the protocol. For example, Microsoft SMB Direct is a popular scale-out file storage application which delivers best performance when the storage server and client servers have Ethernet adapters communicating with RDMA.
DPDK (Data Plane Development Kit) is a set of software libraries and Ethernet drivers which allow industry standard servers t to do packet-processing at line-rate. Dell servers with Intel processors and QLogic 45000 Series 25GbE adapters supporting DPDK, form an excellent platform for router, firewall and content delivery NFV software appliances.
- You want a future-proof server rack architecture
For many IT organizations with large populations of server racks pushing the limits of 10GbE links to ToR switches, and 40GbE links to aggregation or core switches, it makes sense to consider a broad migration to a server rack architecture with 25GbE links to the ToR switches, and 100GbE links to aggregation or core switches. You’ll end up with 2.5x more performance headroom, and lot’s of new bells for a variety of different applications.
Hyperscale Technology for the Masses
While hyperscale cloud service providers drove the industry to develop 25G Ethernet technology, the enterprise remains a much larger market and Dell is well positioned to deliver this hyperscale technology to the masses with their line-up of PowerEdge servers, Z9100 open networking switches and QLogic 45212 server adapters.
The bottom line is Dell’s ability to deliver server and rack solutions with 25G technology will be a key competitive edge for as long as other server vendors lag behind.
Category: Featured Reports